Jinggangtai National Geological Park

Jinggangtai National Geological Park is located 7km southeast of Shangcheng County, Xinyang, and at the border of Henan and Anhui. It covers an area of 138 square kilometers and the main geological relic covers an area of 72 square kilometers. It mainly consists of Jingangtai West Lake Scenic Area, Jingangtai Mao’er Peak, Liluo Town and East River. There are over 10 peaks which are over 1000m above sea level; the main peak Jingangtai is 1584m above sea level and is the tallest peak in Dabie Mountain, so it enjoys the title of “The Tallest Peak in South Henan”. From north to south, Jingangtai presents a magic landscape of green mountains and water, and peculiar pine and strange stone coexisting. At present, Jingangtai West Lake Scenic Area is the only national geological park in Xinyang, a national AAAA-level tourist attraction, a national natural reserve, one of the national 130 excellent red tourism routes, Henan ecological tourist attraction, Xinyang anti-corruption education base, youth revolutionary tradition education base, national top 100 evening newspaper photography base, birthplace of the song Osmanthus Flowers Blooming Everywhere in August and filming site. Jingangtai West Lake Scenic Area is a comprehensive geological park integrating geological landscape, subtropical scenery, biological treasure and red culture as a whole. Walking into it, one can not only appreciate the beautiful scenery of nature and visit the ecological tea garden, but also can pay respect to the relics of red revolution and think of the red age when “Osmanthus Flowers Bloom Everywhere in August”.

Jigongshan Scenic Areaa

Jigongshan National Natural Reserve is located at 38km south of Xinyang, 31°46′-31°52′ N and 114°01′-114°06′ E. It covers an area of 2917 ha. In the east and west, it is adjacent to Tongbai Mountain and Dabie Mountain, linked by mountains and waters, and it is at the transitional zone from the subtropical zone to the warm temperature zone and at the water-shed between North China and South China. The main protection objects are transitional type subtropical forest vegetation and rare and valuable wild animals and plants. Jigongshan Scenic Area, famous for “Garden in Clouds” is one of the four summer resorts in China. Jigongshan enjoys the reputation of “dividing Henan and Hubei, jointing three rivers”, and “Buddha’s Light, sea of clouds, soft rime, glaze, sunglow, exotic flowers and grasses, steep peaks and various shaped rocks, and waterfall and flowing spring” are considered as its eight natural landscapes. On the mountain, there are architectural complexes of different countries and different types at the late Qing Dynasty and the early Republic of China, so it is called Treasury of World Buildings on Mountain, and enjoys the title of “World Architecture Museum”; and it was the first international settlement in the history of China.

Jigongshan developed in the early 20th century. Jigong Mountain is an offset of Dabie Mountain. Its main peak Jigongtou, also called Baoxiao Peak, looks like a rooster stretching its neck and crowing, so it is called Jigong Mountain. The main peak is 814m above sea level and it is grand and imposing; it is famous for clear spring, green forest, sea of clouds, sunglow and beautiful scenery. Jigong Mountain has layers of peaks and many ravines and gullies. In summer, in the mountain, one will feel clear and cool, feel like spring before noon, autumn after noon and early winter at night. Jigong Mountain is famous as one of four summer resorts of China (together with Lushan Mountain, Mogan Mountain and Beidaihe), and is also a famous scenic area of China.

In early 1990s, Jigongshan Natural Reserve, in combination with its resource and location resources, accelerated the tourism development. Now, it has over 10 scenic spots (attractions), such as Grand Deep Groove, Mountain-climbing Ancient Path, Linghua Fairy Land, Natural Museum, Valuable and Rare Animals Park, Donggou Waterfalls and Polden Pavilion, and the facilities that can meet the accommodation of 200 people, such as Qingquan Hotel; it can carry out various tourist activities, such as holiday and health care, sightseeing and tour, scientific investigation and scientific education.

Nanwan Lake Scenic Area

Nanwan Lake, also called South Lake, is located in Xinyang, Henan Province and 5km southwest of Xinyang. It enjoys the title of “Pearl in South Henan” and the “First Lake in Central Plains” and is a famous national AAAA-level scenic area. The scenic area consists of Nanwan Lake and Nanwan National Forest Park, and is 12 times of West Lake, Hangzhou in size. In the lake, the water appears to stretch endlessly to the horizon and looks misty; on the island, there are green trees; and 61 islands, including bird island, money island and Xiaoxia island, distribute in a well-proportioned manner. The water in Nanwan Lake is very clear, pure, transparent and also a little green. When it is calm, the water will reflect the blue sky and white cloud; when a ship passes, the bow will plough the water surface with a beloid wave track behind the ship, which will become calm again not long after. Sometimes, breeze can make the surface surge gently, and in the sunshine, there will be golden ripples, looking splendid. Sometimes, strong wind can lift high waves, which splash on the ship hard; when staying in such a situation, one will have a feeling of “the waves washing away outstanding figures”. If at a moonlit night, one takes a boat on the lake, he

may not tell which is the sky and which is the water, as if entering a fairy land. In spring, the azalea on the islands of Nanwan Lake will give out fragrance and there will be green grasses and trees; in summer, it is a perfect natural swimming pool. In autumn, the maple leaves are red like fire, and looking at the distant sky and clear water, one will feel the world is broader and vaster; in winter, the places around the Lake will be covered by snow, but only the lake is still like a mirror, showing life and vitality. Nanwan Lake is a famous natural scenic area. The lake with rippling water is surrounded by mountains with green trees and grasses. The scenery is really very beautiful. Nanwan Lake Scenic Area consists of Nanwan Lake and Nanwan National Forest Park. The forest covers an area of 2180ha, and the water covers an area of about 7500 ha. In the Scenic Area, the rivers crosses; in the lake 61 small islands scatter. On the islands, there are green trees; in the lake, there are green ripples on the surface. What a happy and relaxed scene!

Lingshan Temple Scenic Area

Lingshan Mountain, formerly called Baoshan Mountain, gets its name because “every time there is cloud above the mountain, it will rain”. The Mountain covers an area of 40 square kilometers; its main peak is 27.7m above sea level and is the second tallest peak in Luoshan County. The mountain is grand and imposing, having hidden ancient temple, lush pine trees and bamboos, fragrant and beautiful flowers and grasses, murmuring spring, singing birds and mist, which makes it hazier, more mysterious and more novel. Lingshan Temple was first established in the Northern Wei Dynasty and it has a history of over 1500 years; and it is a famous Buddhist resort of China and national 4A-level tourist attraction. On the mountain, there are seven temples and three nunneries, including Lingshan Temple, Jinding Temple, Zhongfo Temple, Baifo Temple, Baiyun Temple, Longya Temple, Xianshi Temple, Yuantong Nunnery, Fuquan Nunnery and Yanshou Nunnery. Lingshan Buddhist culture has a long history. Lingshan Temple is a peculiar temple, and in it there are not only monks but also nuns, which is unique in the whole country. Princess Jianning in the Tang Dynasty ever became a num in Lingshan Temple. This system is also a wonder of China’s Buddhist circle. Both the Tang Dynasty and Ming Dynasty considered it as the State temple; the emperors of the Song Dynasty and Ming Dynasty ever went to Lingshan for many times.

Shangcheng Tangquan Pool Scenic Area

Tangquan Pool Scenic Area is a famous hot spring Spa and mountain resort. It is located on the western bank of the upper reach of Lianyushan Reservoir, 15km southwest of Shangcheng County, Henan Province and at the foot of Jingangtai in Dabieshan hinterland; and it is famous for the medical effect the hot spring water. It is located at 31°40-43′ N and 115°18-22′ E. The area under its administration is 5km wide from east to west and 6km long from south to north; it covers an area of 30 square kilometers; and it is like an inverted triangle.

Tangquan Pool is named after the hot spring and is famous for the medical value of the hot spring. The hot spring was formed about 100 million years ago, and now it has three spring openings with a daily water outflow of 650t. The water is clear and clean with a temperature of 56°C-58°C; through light spectrum quantitative analysis, the water contains such elements as strontium, silver, titanium, boron, chromium, copper, lead, calcium, sodium, magnesium, potassium and fluorine; according to the classification of medical mineral springs, it belongs to weak light spring, silicic acid spring and fluorine spring. For the thermodynamic effect of hot spring and the chemical effect of drugs, it has a significant treatment effect on skin diseases, rheumatic disease, intestinal tract disease and nervous system diseases, respiratory system diseases, surgical diseases and gynecological diseases, especially the skin diseases, rheumatic disease, whose cure effect reaches 80% or more. If the healthy people often take hot spring bath, it can care the skin, increase the appetite and help sleep well, so it has the title of “medical spring”. In the work General Geography of the Yuanhe County by Li Jifu in Tang Dynasty, it was called “hot water”; in Shangcheng County Annals written in Jiajing Period of the Ming Dynasty, it was recorded: “The hot spring, 30km southwest, flows out from the rock crack, is green and hot. If one with mange takes bath there, the mange can be cured.” People lived around the spring and formed “Tangkeng Shops Market” and also build “Jingfan Temple” on Leishan Mountain and “Tangkeng Bridge” above Guanhe River. In 1760, Emperor Qian Long of the Qing Dynasty visited Tangquan Pool and inscribed “Tang Keng” and set up a tombstone. During the period of Emperor Jiaqing of the Qing Dynasty, the feudal official set up “Hot Spring School” here, and later, it built official pool, men’s pool, women’s pool, laundry pool and hot spring well. In history, many refined scholars and poets and writers were attracted here. For example, Li Zhi, a famous thinker and litterateur of the Ming Dynasty and Wang You, a town person of the Qing Dynasty, ever wrote poems beside the spring: “Washing heart in Qianjian water, washing feet in hot spring” and “A hidden vein in Leishan extends to the hot spring; it seems that there is another world”.

Hubei-Henan-Anhui Soviet Area Capital Revolutionary Museum

Hubei-Henan-Anhui Soviet Area Capital Revolutionary Museum is the largest county-level revolutionary museum in Henan Province. It is located at southeast of Xinxian County, a beautiful mountain city, and it is located near the mountain and by the river and has pseudo-classic style modern buildings. The main part is of Anhui-type style with red eaves and orange tiles, looking splendid and magnificent. This museum covers an area of 30 Mu and has a building area of 3800m2. In 2001, Xinxian County Party Committee and government invested over RMB 8 million to maintain and improve Hubei-Henan-Anhui Soviet Area Capital Revolutionary Museum, adjusted the basic display and themed display, required 15 Mu new land for the gate, parking lot, roads, ticket room and “Hero Plaza”, which made the Museum take on a brand-new look. Hubei-Henan-Anhui Soviet Area Capital Revolutionary Museum has 7 exhibition halls, divided into basic display and themed display; the exhibition area is 828 m2.The basic display The Wonderful Life in Dabie Mountain is divided into four parts: Standing up and fighting – Hubei-Henan-Anhui Soviet Area was preliminarily formed; unprecedented development – Xinji became the capital of Hubei-Henan-Anhui Soviet Area; reorganization of the Red Army – adhering to the fight in Dabie Mountain; still-standing red flag – meeting the victory of the national revolution. The themed display is divided into two parts: Firstly, Cradle of Generals, which is displayed in 2 exhibition halls. General Exhibition Hall 1 displays the deeds of 43 Xinxian generals, including Xu Shiyou, Li Desheng, Zheng Weishan and Gao Houliang; General Exhibition Hall 2 displayed the life and deeds of 50 leaders at provincial or military level or above, including Wu Huanxian, Gao Jingting, Zhang Tixue and Zhang Zhiyin. Secondly, Today’s Xinxian County, which reflects that people of Xinxian County, under the leadership of the CPC, inherited the revolutionary tradition, worked hard, realized the rapid development of various social and economic causes and made the city and town take on a brand-new look. Besides, the Museum also displays the first airplane “Lenin” of the Chinese Workers’ and Peasants’ Red Army and Draft of the Chinese Soviet First National Congress on Land Act written on the black brick wall then which was the only one preserved in the whole country and other precious cultural relics.