Xinyang is a historic city. As early as over 8000 years ago, a comparable scale of primitive agriculture appeared on both banks of Huaihe River in Xinyang, and from east to west, there are several ancient cultural relics, including Peiligang culture, Longshan culture and Qujialiang culture. During the Shang Dynasty and Zhou Dynasty, such vassal states as Shen, Xi, Xuan, Huang, Jiang and Liao were established. During the Spring and Autumn Period and Warring States Period, the Chu State annihilate such vassal states as Shen and Xi, and established such counties as Shen, Xi and Qisi. The famous prime minister Sunshu Ao once reclaimed farmland and built water conservancy projects to make the Chu State rich, and also designed and took charge of construction of the Qisi Irrigation Project, which was the earliest large water conservancy projects in ancient China. Besides, the music The East Is Red played on the first artificial satellite of China was played on Xinyang Changtaiguan Bianzhong (it was unearthed in a Chu State tomb of the Warring States period in Changtaiguan, Xinyang in 1957, with 13 pieces in total; now, it is collected in Henan Provincial Museum. It is preserved well. Although it was buried for over 2000 years, the temperament is still accurate,)

After Xinyang experienced the Spring and Autumn Period and Warring States Period, the central plain culture and Chu culture blended here, forming the dignified and unconstrained, exquisite and romantic Yuchu customs and charm and creating Xinyang’s unique Huaishang cultural aroma. The terminal point of Confucius’ travelling through all the kingdoms was Xinyang, and the stories such as Zi Lu making inquiries, Sima Guang Breaking the Vat and Mending the Fold after the Sheep Have Been Stolen, happened here. Xinyang, located between the Yangtze River and Huaihe River, has always been the starting point and gathering point of central plains people moving to the South. In the Tang Dynasty, General Chen Yuanguang from Kushi, Guangzhou led the village guards to put down the rebellion of Miao people in Fujian and Guangdong, where he practiced laws strictly, reclaimed land, built water conservancy projects. Then, he dispatched a lot of common people from his hometown to settle in Fujian and Guangdong. Therefore, Xinyang enjoys the title of “The First Hometown of Emigrants in Central Plains”.

RED CULTURE

Xinyang City occupied a decisive position in the development process of the Chinese revolution. Xinyang was an important component of Hubei-Henan-Anhui Soviet Area, Hubei-Henan Border Anti-Japanese Base and Dabieshan Liberated Area; during the agrarian revolutionary period, Xinyang was the second largest revolutionary base area, only second to Chinese Communist Soviet Region, was the capital of Hubei-Henan-Anhui Soviet Area, the cradle of the Red Army and hometown of generals. Several main forces of the Red Army were from this land, such as the Red Fourth Army, the Red 25th Army, the Red 28th Army, and also over 100 generals of the People’s Republic of China were also from here, such as Xu Shiyou, Li Desheng and You Taizhong. Xinyang heroes, under the leadership of the Chinese Communist Party, advanced bravely, fought for 28 years, created poetic heroic achievements, made great contributions and enormous sacrifices to the victory of the Chinese revolution and the birth of the New China. Over 1 million people joined the army and the battle and over 300 thousand of them died bravely. They won the honor of “Red Flag on Dabie Mountain Never Falling” with their blood and lives. When titles were conferred in 1995, 68 heroes from Xinyang were conferred the military rank of major general or above,

accounting for 64% of the 106 generals from Henan Province; in 1988, 17 generals were awarded, and 3 of them were from Xinyang; in 1998, 9 of the 33 strategists formally determined by the Central Military Commission ever fought here. There are many red relics in Xinyang, such as Hubei-Henan-Anhui Soviet Area Capital Museum, former site of Chicheng County Soviet Government, former site of Hubei-Henan-Anhui Provincial Workers and Peasants Democratic Government, hometown of General Xu Shiyou, former site of Wangdawan Meeting, former site of the Red Fourth Army Headquarters, hometown of General Zheng Weishan and ancestral home of Deng Yingchao. These former sites and memorial halls accumulated profound red culture for Xinyang.

Tea Culture

Xinyang is located at the enjoys a transitional zone from subtropical zone to warm temperate zone, so the climate enjoys the strong points of both South China and North China and rich light, heat and water resources, so it is suitable for grasses of warm temperate zone to grow. In Xinyang, Dabie Mountain winds, forming natural green treasure, and it is the natural homeland of Xinyang Maojian tea. Xinyang Maojian tea, Dongting Biluochun tea and West Lake Longjing tea are three famous green teas. Xinyang Maojian tea is world-renowned for its “beautiful shape, green color, good smell and strong taste”. Xinyang is the highest north-latitude tea producing area China and it is located between the Yangtze River and the Huaihe River and the joint part of Dabie Mountain and Tongbai Mountain, so it has overlapping hills surrounded by clouds, abundant rain and moist air. The unique geographical environment and climatic conditions lay a foundation for the quality of Xinyang Maojian tea. Besides, such famous tea brands which emerged in recent years and continually won awards in various domestic and international exhibitions and selections, such as Longtan, Wuyunshan, Jiuhuashan, Yangtian Xuelv, Qingfeng Yunwu, Xinlin Yulu and Wenxin make Xinyang people excited and proud. After Xinyang Maojian won protection of geographic indication products, it also became a new member of Organization for an International Geographical Indications Network (origin) in 2005.

The history of Xinyang planting tea can date back to the middle and later stage of the Warring States, and it has a history of over 2000 years. Lu Yu, the tea saint in the Tang Dynasty, listed Xinyang as one of the 8 national tea producing areas in his work The Book of Tea. According to the legend, Empress Wu Zetian cured herself of intestinal tract disease by drinking Xinyang tea, so she awarded building a Mahabouddha Temple on Cheyun Mountain where Maojian was produced to commend the contribution of tea. Su Zhi, a great litterateur of the Song Dynasty wrote to praise, “Among the teas in South of the Huaihe River, Xinyang’s is the best” after tasting various famous teas. In 1915, Xinyang Maojian participated in Panama Pacific International Exposition, winning the gold award. In 1958, “Longtan” Super-class and first-class Xinyang Maojian won national silver award; in 1988, it won the gold award of China First Food Expo; and in 1990, Longtan super-class Xinyang Maojian won the first in total score for its “beautiful shape, green color, good smell and strong taste” and won the national gold award. In the whole country, there are only two gold awards for famous tea, and “Longtan” Xinyang Maojian does not only win it together with “West Lake Longjing”, but also is better than “West Lake Longjing” in color, smell and taste. Xinyang Maojian is not only popular in China, but also enjoys a good reputation in the world, and it is sold to over 10 countries and regions, including Japan, the USA, Germany, Malaysia, Singapore and Hong Kong.