Xinyang is a historic city. As early as over 8000 years ago, a comparable scale of primitive agriculture appeared on both banks of Huaihe River in Xinyang, and from east to west, there are several ancient cultural relics, including Peiligang culture, Longshan culture and Qujialiang culture. During the Shang Dynasty and Zhou Dynasty, such vassal states as Shen, Xi, Xuan, Huang, Jiang and Liao were established. During the Spring and Autumn Period and Warring States Period, the Chu State annihilate such vassal states as Shen and Xi, and established such counties as Shen, Xi and Qisi. The famous prime minister Sunshu Ao once reclaimed farmland and built water conservancy projects to make the Chu State rich, and also designed and took charge of construction of the Qisi Irrigation Project, which was the earliest large water conservancy projects in ancient China. Besides, the music The East Is Red played on the first artificial satellite of China was played on Xinyang Changtaiguan Bianzhong (it was unearthed in a Chu State tomb of the Warring States period in Changtaiguan, Xinyang in 1957, with 13 pieces in total; now, it is collected in Henan Provincial Museum. It is preserved well. Although it was buried for over 2000 years, the temperament is still accurate,)
After Xinyang experienced the Spring and Autumn Period and Warring States Period, the central plain culture and Chu culture blended here, forming the dignified and unconstrained, exquisite and romantic Yuchu customs and charm and creating Xinyang’s unique Huaishang cultural aroma. The terminal point of Confucius’ travelling through all the kingdoms was Xinyang, and the stories such as Zi Lu making inquiries, Sima Guang Breaking the Vat and Mending the Fold after the Sheep Have Been Stolen, happened here. Xinyang, located between the Yangtze River and Huaihe River, has always been the starting point and gathering point of central plains people moving to the South. In the Tang Dynasty, General Chen Yuanguang from Kushi, Guangzhou led the village guards to put down the rebellion of Miao people in Fujian and Guangdong, where he practiced laws strictly, reclaimed land, built water conservancy projects. Then, he dispatched a lot of common people from his hometown to settle in Fujian and Guangdong. Therefore, Xinyang enjoys the title of “The First Hometown of Emigrants in Central Plains”.